Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining resulting from stomach infection, due to Helicobacter pylori bacteria, excessive alcohol consumption, consistent stress or usage of certain medications like ibuprofen or aspirin. Gastritis can often go undetected. Many people with gastritis caused by a bacterial infection don’t have any symptoms. In other cases, people can experience lack of appetite, nausea sometimes with vomiting, belching, bloating or a feeling of fullness in the abdomen or even bleeding of the stomach lining resulting in blood being vomited.
The Role Of Diet In Gastritis
Food is not usually the main cause for gastritis to develop unless you have contracted it from eating contaminated food or due to excessive alcohol intake. However, certain foods stands a higher chance of irritating your stomach and triggering gastritis symptoms more than others. And that’s where diet comes in. By limiting intake of spicy or acidic foods, soda, alcohol, caffeinated beverages, you can relieve unpleasant symptoms. In fact, certain foods like green tea, broccoli sprouts, or garlic can help counter the inflammation and treat the problem naturally.
A Gastritis Diet Plan
As we mentioned, a proper diet is essential to treat gastritis. But, when dealing with gastritis it is also important to keep in mind other considerations. For example, you should avoid overloading your stomach in one go. Rather than eating a few large meals, you should consume smaller ones more frequently.
Foods that should be included in a gastritis diet are:
Broccoli sprouts are cruciferous vegetables that contain isothiocyanate sulforaphane which helps kill Helicobacter pylori strain. One animal study showed that giving mice with gastritis broccoli sprouts caused gastric bacterial colonization to be cut down.
Some animal studies have found that garlic ( due to its antibacterial properties), can help cut down on infection from H. pylori.
Fiber-rich foods can help improve digestion and reduce the inflammation. Whole grains, oats, lentils, peas and beans accompanied by adequate hydration can prevent constipation from overloading on fiber.
Flavonoid and antioxidant-rich foods
Foods that are high in flavonoids, such as cranberries, garlic, onions, apples, and celery have an anti-inflammatory effect that is beneficial for anyone with gastritis. For the same reasons you should also tuck into all antioxidant-rich foods like cherries, tomatoes, and blueberries.
Calcium- and Vitamin B-rich foods
Chronic gastritis is associated with vitamin B12 deficiency, because of loss of ability to absorb B12 properly as a result of gastritis. Therefore, dark leafy green vegetables such as kale and spinach, sea vegetables, whole grains, nuts and beans are all good for your body which needs this nutrient.
Researchers found that tea (as well as tea catechins), due to increasing antibiotic resistant strains can help combat the problem of gastritis.
Foods not recommended for gastritis diet:
Spicy foods such as chili powder, peppers, hot sauce, and curry should be avoided. That’s because the spice in the food can irritate the already inflamed lining of the stomach, making symptoms even worse.
Acidic food is another NO for your diet. This includes grains, sugar, fresh and processed meat, sodas and sweetened drinks.
Foods with trans-fatty acids like fried chicken, fried eggs, or baked foods such as crackers, cakes and cookies are heavy on your system and not easy to digest. What’s more, some animal studies have discovered that consuming fatty foods for as little as 3 to 4 months can actually even cause gastritis.
You should avoid caffeine because of its gas and acid, that can worsen your condition.
Food that has been heavily processed is best avoided as the chemicals and preservatives and artificial flavoring agents could all be potential sources of irritation and inflammation.
Alcohol has been implicated as one of the causes for gastritis. Therefore, it should be completely eliminated from your diet. Water is the best choice when you’re fighting gastritis.
You should be careful when you eat out. Researchers believe that contaminated water, food, and utensils could be a mode of transmission of the dreaded H. pylori bacteria which is one of the main causes of gastritis.
If you’ve been diagnosed with gastritis, it is time to make lifestyle changes and regain your quality of life. Adjusting your diet is one of the simplest ways to begin taking control of your gastritis.